COMPARATIVE MORPHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF ENAMEL AND DENTIN SURFACES’ RECONSTRUCTIONS BY MEANS OF AUTOMATED DIGITAL ODONTOMETRY
Keywords: automated digital odontometry, micro-computed tomography, dental morphology, measurements of dentin, Sunghir
Abstract. Studies of teeth represent a significant part of palaeoanthropological research. Over the past two decades these studies have significantly developed with implementation of high resolution imaging based on x-ray scanning techniques. Highly informative reconstructions based on image processing have provided an opportunity to study morphological layers and structures of teeth which are usually hidden under the outer layer of dental enamel. Thus micro-computed tomography of the studied teeth has been performed in order to obtain reconstructions of enamel and dentin surfaces. The material is represented by well-preserved teeth of an adolescent from Upper Palaeolithic archaeological site of Sunghir world-renowned archaeological site in Vladimir Oblast in the Russian Federation. The characteristic feature of the studied teeth is in their unusual, presumably archaic, morphology, which has been previously studied and described through measurements by application of automated digital odontometry method; however the mentioned study referred to the enamel surface. And in the current study these algorithms are applied to measure the surface of dentin. As this is the first successful attempt of measuring dentin surface morphology, the process has to be improved for complete automation. Nevertheless even currently applied approaches allow to compare enamel and dentin morphology through measurements.