EVACUATION ROUTING ASSESSMENT DURING EARTHQUAKE OCCURRENCE IN BUTUAN CITY USING GIS TECHNIQUES
Keywords: Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP), Earthquakes, Evacuation Routes, Road Networks, Vulnerability Assessment
Abstract. Butuan City lies along and is being transected by the Philippine Fault: Surigao Segment. As earthquakes occur more recently, the city is more vulnerable to earthquake hazards, especially soil liquefaction. With the city proper situated mostly on areas susceptible to soil liquefaction and with no constructive evacuation plan against this kind of hazard, it puts the city at risk. This problem highlights the importance of vulnerability assessment for the identification of the road networks that would be most optimal to use in occurrence of an earthquake and an earthquake induced liquefaction. With seven parameters to consider for the assessment, it would be easier to assess by using the pairwise comparison technique of the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) and Geographic Information System (GIS). The analysis was performed by using AHP to assign weights to the parameters and using these weights to classify the road networks into vulnerability classes. The result of the analysis yielded to 34.87% of the road networks with low vulnerability, 65.09% has medium vulnerability and 0.03% are considered to be highly vulnerable. Majority of the road networks especially in the city proper exhibit medium vulnerability in terms of earthquake occurrences. With unavoidable chances that this kind of disaster would happen, these results would benefit the decision makers involved in disaster risk reduction.