JOINT TRACKING GPS AND LEO SIGNALS WITH ADAPTIVE VECTOR TRACKING LOOP IN CHALLENGING ENVIRONMENTS
Keywords: Signal Tracking, LEO, Navigation, Vector Tracking loop, Weak Signals
Abstract. Navigation from LEO satellites own many merits and attracts increasing popularity recently. In addition to increasing the signal availability, the low signal strength loss and fast satellite geometry change from LEO satellite are particularly appealing in challenging environments. Recently, a few researchers attempt to navigate with non-cooperative signals from LEO satellites with pure phase lock loop (PLL) or frequency lock loop (FLL), while a more practical solution to utilizing LEO navigation is joint positioning with the existing GNSS signals which has not been seriously studied. In this study, we proposed a joint GPS and LEO navigation signal tracking strategy that employs a vector tracking loop (VTL) with fully considering the high dynamic characteristics of the LEO signals. In order to solve the high dynamics problem, the second-order deviation parameters were considered in the extended Kalman filter, which is more adaptive to the non-linear variation of the signal acceleration. In addition, a carrier-to-noise ratio (C/N0) based observation noise determination strategy is employed to adapt different observation conditions. The proposed method was verified with different simulation data and the results indicate the adaptive vector tracking loop is capable of tracking GPS and LEO signals simultaneously and robustly. The benefit is particularly in the weak signal scenarios. The experiment results also reveal that the joint vector tracking loop improves positioning accuracy in GNSS challenging environments.