The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
Publications Copernicus
Articles | Volume XLVI-3/W1-2022
22 Apr 2022
 | 22 Apr 2022


Y. Li, H. Yan, W. Yang, S. Wang, and X. Su

Keywords: multi-frequency GNSS, fuzzy clustering analysis, optimal linear combination, BDS-3, Geometry-free Multi-frequency Ambiguity Resolution (GF_MCAR)

Abstract. Currently, satellite navigation and positioning systems, such as BDS, GPS, and Galileo, can broadcast 3 or more navigation signals. In theory, multi-frequency signals can form more high-quality carrier-phase linear combinations, which is conducive to improving the performance of multi-frequency carrier ambiguity resolution (MCAR). In this paper, focusing on the selection of the optimal combinations in the multi-frequency GNSS carrier phase ambiguity resolution, according to the long wavelength of the combinations, the influence of weak ionospheric delay, and low noise, the fuzzy clustering analysis method is used to realize objective selection of multi-frequency optimal linear combinations (e.g., GPS, BDS-2, BDS-3, Galileo) and introduced the total noise level (TNL) for the analysis of the combinations characteristics under different baseline length scenarios. In order to verify the ambiguity resolution performance of the extra-wide lane combinations selected by the fuzzy clustering analysis method, the GF_MCAR model was used to solve the BDS-2, BDS-3 triple-frequency combination ambiguities and the BDS-3 five-frequency combination ambiguities of the baseline JNFG and WUH2. The results manifest that the number of high-quality linear combinations of multi-frequency GNSS increases sharply with the increase of the frequencies number, which is conducive to the formation of combinations with a lower total noise level, and the experiments show that the difference between adjacent epochs of the combination ambiguities of the extra-wide lane obtained by GF_MCAR is basically less than ±0.5 cycles, and the single epoch rounding can be used to directly fix the ambiguity of the extra-wide lane.