DIGITAL IMAGE CORRELATION IN ASSESSING STRUCTURED-LIGHT 3D SCANNER’S GANTRY STABILITY: PERFORMING DAVID’S (MICHELANGELO) HIGH-ACCURACY 3D SURVEY
Keywords: Digital Image Correlation (DIC), Structured light, 3D model, Phase Correlation (PC), FFT
Abstract. The paper presents results from applying Digital Image Correlation (DIC) technique to determine deformations and verify stability on a gantry during surveying operations on the Michelangelo’s David at the Galleria dell’Accademia di Firenze museum in Florence. An advanced hi-resolution Structured-light 3D scanner has been used to create a hi-detailed digital twin of the masterpiece. Considering the high scanner sensitivity, a contactless, remote and passive monitoring system of the gantry stability has been chosen to guarantee maximum freedom of movement around the David and avoid any interference during scanning operations. Due to the remarkable elevation of the statue, which reaches almost 7 meters on his pedestal, and considering the cramped operating area around the statue, an ad-hoc gantry has been designed and deployed. The sophisticated scanner’s technique and the extreme hi-resolution required for the survey needed firm gantry stability during scanning operations from one side. The complex geometries and the considerable extension of the statue surface impose extended flexibility and a nimble elevation platform from the other side. Thanks to the DIC technique the gantry stability has been constantly monitored with an accuracy of 0.03 ÷ 0,04 pixels, optimising scanning scheduling and, consequently, operations efficiency. A comparison of scans with post-processed deformation patterns allowed to optimise the scanning schedule, minimising downtime, and maintaining the needed platform stability threshold for effective scanning.