The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
Publications Copernicus
Articles | Volume XLVIII-1-2024
10 May 2024
 | 10 May 2024

Seasonal changes of Chlorophyll-A concentration in Jiujiang city based on remote sensing

Wei Jiang, Fanping Kong, Xiaohui Ding, Elhadi Adam, Shiai Cui, and Gan Luo

Keywords: Chlorophyll-a concentration, Sentinel-2, Seasonal change, Google earth engine

Abstract. The Chlorophyll-a (Chla) concentration is an important parameter characterizing the water quality of rivers and lakes. Satellite remote sensing provides new opportunities for the quantitative monitoring of Chla concentration in large-scale water bodies. In this study, Sentinel-2 satellite remote sensing data integrated on the Google Earth Engine (GEE) remote sensing big data platform are employed, along with hourly measured water quality site data, to establish a quantitative inversion model for Chla concentration water quality parameters in Jiujiang City within Jiangxi Province, China. The Chla concentration is estimated for each quarter from 2020 to 2022, and the spatial distribution is analyzed, revealing the changing trend of Chla concentration over the past three years. The key findings are as follows: (1) The quantitative inversion model for Chla concentration has been validated with measured data, achieving a model accuracy of 0.53; (2) The spatial inversion results of Chla concentration exhibit an increasing trend that is consistent with actual measurement site results; (3) Owing to the influence of human activities and the peak-low water level of rivers and lakes, Chla concentration shows a discernible seasonal variation pattern. This methodology offers a new perspective for analyzing the seasonal variation characteristics of Chla concentration in rivers and lakes, providing valuable insights for the sustainable management of river and lake water quality.