The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
Publications Copernicus
Articles | Volume XLVIII-1/W2-2023
13 Dec 2023
 | 13 Dec 2023


U. Sharma, S. Jalan, Y. Kant, and A. Vyas

Keywords: Urban Heat Island, NDVI, LST, LULC, Remote Sensing

Abstract. The Udaipur urban agglomeration was selected to analyse the urban heat island (UHI) effect in the area from 2005 to 2017. Landsat 7 ETM+ sensor data was used to derive land surface temperatures (LST) and map landscape characteristics. The agglomeration was classified into seven land use land cover classes including agriculture cropped, agriculture fallow, barren, built up, scrub, vegetation and water using unsupervised classification method. The LST results were obtained using NDVI method. Urban heat island intensities were mapped using z-score method. Regions with UHI values of above 2 standard deviations were considered to reflect UHI effect. Results show an overall decrease of 10.2 percent in agricultural cropped and fallow lands. The scrub class also shows a moderate decline of 2.3 percent. Increase in area were observed for built up, barren and vegetation classes by 8.8, 2.1 and 1.9 percent respectively. The dominant LULC change was the transformation of agricultural lands to built-up class. The class-wise mean LST observations increase in order of water, vegetation, cropped, fallow, built up, scrub and barren land. The mean LST records an increase of 1.7° C from 30.1° C to 31.8° C over the study period. Results suggest that UHI effects are more prominent in urban fringe area corresponding with the built up and barren land cover classes contrary to its core area. Built up areas surrounded by barren lands left vacant for city’s sprawl in the future exhibit highest UHI intensities.