The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
Publications Copernicus
Articles | Volume XLVIII-2-2024
11 Jun 2024
 | 11 Jun 2024

Three-dimensional modelling of artificial caves for geomechanical analysis

Alessandra Spadaro, Marco Piras, Nives Grasso, Piernicola Lollino, Alessandro Parisi, and Daniele Giordan

Keywords: Underground survey, 3D data analysis, LiDAR technology, Spherical photogrammetry, 360° camera, Geo-mechanics

Abstract. Accurate cave surveying is crucial for understanding their genesis, current state, and potential hazards, especially in challenging environments marked by limited accessibility and poor visibility. This study applies geomatics techniques, including Terrestrial Laser Scanning (TLS), SLAM-based Mobile Mapping Systems (MMS), and digital photogrammetry, to create three-dimensional models of artificial caves in Gravina in Puglia, Apulia region, southern Italy. The research aims to assess these methodologies' accuracy, reliability, and performance for structural monitoring and hazard assessment. Despite challenges such as rough conditions, limited accessibility and poor visibility, the study reveals promising insights into the capabilities of these techniques for efficient surveying in complex underground environments. While highlighting the potential of MMS for cost-effective and rapid data acquisition, digital photogrammetry using spherical cameras also emerges as a viable alternative, offering comprehensive data collection capabilities with minimal capture time. Further research is warranted to optimize these techniques for enhanced hazard assessment and structural monitoring in challenging underground environments.