INTEGRATION OF GEOSPATIAL AND CITIZEN PARTICIPATION USING GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR SMART CITY: A STUDY OF PRIORITY VILLAGES PROGRAM IN JAKARTA, INDONESIA
Keywords: Geospatial, Citizens Participation, Geographic Information System, Web-GIS, Smart Governance, Smart City
Abstract. Jakarta, the capital city of Indonesia, is the city with the largest population in Indonesia with a population of 10,609,681. In line with the rapid growth and the increment of the population in Jakarta lead to the increment in the number of buildings in Jakarta. However, the building increment in Jakarta leads to the emergence of buildings ownership problems. Meanwhile, the increasing urbanization promotes the need for a system that accommodates the smart city concepts which require complex interactions between governments and citizens. Therefore, the Jakarta Provincial Government established a breakthrough program called Priority Villages, a program that integrates geospatial and citizen participation using the Geographic Information System (GIS) for the smart city planning model. This program focused on the distribution acceleration of building establishment decision letters. This research aims to visualize the concept and advantages of the Priority Village program as an analysis-oriented application for the development of intelligent city concepts. The outputs of the Priority Villages program are the issuances of 112 building establishment decision letters per region and 7,534 building establishment decision letters per individual building. The integration of geospatial and citizen participation using Geographic Information System (GIS) in Priority Villages program strongly supports the sustainability of the Jakarta Smart City program, shortening the Estimated Time of Arrival (ETA) of the building establishment decision letter making from 16 days to 7 days and give the positive impact on the broader citizen in Jakarta.