ANALYSIS OF POSSIBLE GEODETIC APPROACHES FOR 3D MODEL CREATION IN BIM
Keywords: BIM, Photogrammetry, Laser scanning, Measurement, HBIM, 3D, Model
Abstract. The topic of this paper is the description and analysis of technologies for generating a geometric basis for BIM. The main element is an analysis of the capabilities of mobile laser scanning and the outputs of this method compared to other methods. The selected interior space was measured by different technologies, laser scanning, classical geodetic using total station, and manual measurement. The main device tested was the ZEB-REVO. It is a handheld mobile laser scanner, carried by an operator. It has a range of 40 m, with the accuracy in measured lengths is 1–3cm per 10 m depending on the type of surface. The scanning speed is 43,000 points per second. The device is equipped with an inertial measurement unit (IMU) and uses SLAM technology for trajectory definition. The device does not have a camera in the simplest configuration and the operator cannot monitor the scanning status. Nevertheless, measurement with this scanner is very simple. The instrument is mainly used for surveying construction objects, but it can be advantageously used for documentation of underground spaces or in e.g., forestry for defining DBH or volume of stockpiles. This device is not equipped with a GNSS unit, and the typical scanning time is 20–30 min without model deformation. Accuracy and output analysis was performed for all technologies used. The results are presented in tables and show the suitability of PLS (personal laser scanner) in general.