LONG-TERM THERMAL ANOMALY DETECTION AND MAPPING AT PIXEL LEVEL USING A GOOGLE EARTH ENGINE TOOL
Keywords: Google Earth Engine, Thermal anomaly, Deviation, Global, Heatwave, Land Surface Temperature
Abstract. Frequency of extreme weather events such as cloudbursts, heatwaves etc. have increased as an outcome of changing climate. Identification of the pattern of extreme temperature events is important since it governs various events such as heatwaves, wildfires, droughts, storms, coldwaves etc. Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) provides Land Surface Temperature (LST) data at 1 kilometre of spatial resolution at daily interval that can help in the identification and mapping of the anomalies in the temperature at pixel level. This study proposes a global-scale daily long-term thermal anomaly detection tool made using Google Earth Engine (GEE) App. This open source tool with the name of ‘Deviation from Mean’ uses the MODIS LST data available from 2000 till date to detect temperature anomaly based on the deviation of temperature of any day (chosen by the user) from the long-term climatological mean. It also generates a time-series plot of temperature values of any pixel for any date for last 24 years i.e. 2000–2023 in the graphical form to analyze the variation in the temperature over the time. A case study has also been done using the tool to highlight the thermal anomaly experienced over the Indian sub-continent during March-April, 2022 and 2023. This tool is capable of providing thermal anomaly information at global, regional as well as local level that can help in taking region-specific mitigation measures.