COMPARISON OF IPHONE 13 PRO'S CAMERA AND LIDAR SENSOR TO UAS PHOTOGRAMMETRIC MODEL OF THE GREAT PYRAMID OF GIZA
Keywords: LiDAR, photogrammetry, smart devices, digital documentation, world heritage
Abstract. Digital documentation of historical sites has always required the use of expensive professional grade sensors capable of collecting large amounts of data to reconstruct cultural sites. These types of projects generally require large budgets and a large team of specialists to successfully generate a digital model. However, with smart devices having sensors capable of mapping on the go, the potential for mapping such historical sites may be more accessible. This study aims to conduct a comprehensive comparison between the iPhone 13 Pro and the Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) photogrammetric model of the Great Pyramid of Giza, otherwise known as the Khufu pyramid, located in Giza, Egypt. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the potential of the iPhone 13 Pro's Camera and LiDAR sensor capabilities as a valuable tool for documenting and preserving cultural heritage sites. To accomplish this, data was captured from multiple positions around the pyramid using the Pix4Dcatch app on the iPhone 13 Pro, and the data was processed using Pix4Dmatic to generate a 3D point cloud of the pyramid. This point cloud data is then compared to the reference data obtained through the UAS mapping which generated a 3D photogrammetric model. The comparison aims to identify the strengths and weaknesses of using the iPhone 13 Pro for this type of scanning and to assess the accuracy and precision of the generated data.