The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
Publications Copernicus
Articles | Volume XXXIX-B1
24 Jul 2012
 | 24 Jul 2012


Y. Zhang and M. Zheng

Keywords: Linear array imagery, Bundle block adjustment, Interior orientation parameters, Self-calibration, Sensor model

Abstract. CBERS-02B was the first high resolution earth observation satellite in China, which adopted linear array push-broom sensor. The nadir ground resolution of the on board HR camera was 2.36 m. However, the accuracies of the on-board GPS receiver and star tracker were very limited due to the technical restrictions. The accuracy of direct geo-referencing by the on-board measurements of position and attitude parameters was about 1 kilometre, which restrained the wide applications of the CBERS-02B imagery in the surveying and mapping field. It is necessary to perform the bundle block adjustment to improve the accuracy of geo-referencing. A proper sensor model has to be adopted during the bundle block adjustment using strict physical sensor model with long orbit data, in order to solve the problem of too many unknown exterior orientation parameters (EOPs). Several sensor models have been discussed, such as quadratic polynomial model, systematic error compensation model, orientation image model, and piecewise polynomial model. The combination of the systematic error compensation model and the orientation image model will be used to deal with the CBERS-02B imagery in this paper. Furthermore, three TDI-CCD linear arrays were fixed on the focal plane of the HR camera. The middle CCD array was shifted against the left and the right one. The level 1A image used in this paper was mosaicked by the three sub-images collected by the left, the middle and the right CCD, respectively. But there were some displacements among the three sub-images in the mosaicked image and the three CCD arrays may not be rigorously parallel. The angular parameter α and the translation parameters χ, γ of each CCD refer to the theoretical position on the focal plane is used to model the interior distortions, so there are totally 9 interior distortion parameters, although some of them are not significant. The laboratory calibrated parameters of the image sensor are usually different from the true values after launch. So a self-calibration strategy should be applied in the bundle block adjustment. Plenty of automatically matched GCPs with precision of 10 meters in plane and 20 meters in height are used to perform the bundle adjustment. Both the systematic error compensation model and the orientation image model with the interior selfcalibration parameters are used in the bundle block adjustment to eliminate the systematic errors caused by the camera internal distortions and to improve the precision of geo-referencing. A best combination of interior orientation parameters (IOPs) is drawn from the adjustment results with different combinations of these IOPs. Besides, there may be some gross errors in the automatically matched GCPs. The gross errors among GCPs may lead to unusual variation of the exterior orientation elements by time. Methods of enlarging the intervals of orientation image and increasing the weights of the position and attitude observations are applied in the combined bundle block adjustment to remove the influence of gross errors of GCPs. The preliminary experimental results show that for longer than 1000 km orbit data, the average accuracy of self-calibrated bundle block adjustment combined with GPS and star tracker observations is 2 pixels better than that without self-calibration. The planar position accuracies in X and Y of check points are 8 m and 7 m respectively.