EVALUATION OF ASTER GDEM v.2 USING GPS CHECKPOINTS, OSGB DEM VALUES AND PHOTOGAMMETRICALLY DERIVED DEMS
Keywords: ASTER GDEM, accuracy, bias, test-sites, slope-effect, coastal-effect
Abstract. A 2010 study examining ASTER GDEM v1 data revealed accuracies of 12-25m and strong negative discrepancy biases compared to precise GPS observations, in several test sites in China. Rather than further investigating these, with the advent of ASTER GDEM v2 a new series of tests, also using precise GPS observations but also other DEMs, was performed. In these tests better than the expected 17m accuracies were found (RMSE values of 3.9m to 15.3m) and no strong biases.