The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
Publications Copernicus
Articles | Volume XXXIX-B7
01 Aug 2012
 | 01 Aug 2012


T. Hakala, J. Suomalainen, and S. Kaasalainen

Keywords: Full waveform, Hyperspectral, LiDAR, Supercontinuum, Reflectance, Spectral indices

Abstract. We have developed a prototype full waveform hyperspectral LiDAR and investigated its potential for remote sensing applications. Traditionally hyperspectral remote sensing is based on passive measurement of sunlit targets. These methods are sensitive to errors in illumination conditions and lack the range information. Our prototype can measure both the range and the spectral information from a single laser pulse. At this stage, the instrument is optimized for short range terrestrial applications. An active hyperspectral LiDAR opens up new possibilities for LiDAR data analysis. The lack of spectral information in traditional monochrome LiDARs rules out many of the classification techniques available for processing of hyperspectral data. Similarly, passive hyperspectral data does not allow extensive use of the classifications based on 3D shape parameters. With both hyperspectral and range data available in a single dataset, the best of the techniques can be applied to form more reliable classification results. The data also allows the mapping of spectral indices in 3D. As an example a Norway spruce is measured and spatial distribution of several spectral indices is illustrated.