REGISTRATION OF OPTICAL AND SAR SATELLITE IMAGES BASED ON GEOMETRIC FEATURE TEMPLATES
Keywords: Registration, Multisensor, SAR, Optical, Matching, Multispectral, Image
Abstract. Image registration is required for different remote sensing applications, like change detection or image fusion. Since research studies have shown the outstanding absolute geometric accuracy of high resolution radar satellites images like TerraSAR-X, the importance of SAR images as source for geolocation enhancement has increased. Due to this fact, multi-sensor image to image registration of optical and SAR images can be used for the improvement of the absolute geometric processing and accuracy of optical images with TerraSAR-X as reference. In comparison to the common optical and SAR image registration methods the proposed method is a combination of intensity-based and feature-based approaches. The proposed method avoids the direct and often difficult detection of features from the SAR images. SAR-like templates are generated from features detected from the optical image. These templates are used for an intensity-based matching with the SAR image. The results of the matching process are ground control points, which are used for the estimation of translation parameters followed by a subpixel translation of the optical image. The proposed image registration method is tested for two pairs of TerraSAR-X and QuickBird images and one pair of TerraSAR-X andWorldView-2 images of a suburban area. The results show that with the proposed method the geometric accuracy of optical images can be enhanced.