Architectural Features and Preservation of Ancient Residential Complexes of the Changs in Xiangan, Xiamen
Keywords: Styleguide Xiang'an, Changs ancient residential, Minnan architectural, Ancient architecture, Preservation maintenance
Abstract. Ancient architecture is an important cultural symbol of a nation, which has high historical, artistic and technology of cultural value. A building not only carries the creator of effort, but also the past with the future of the historical traditions and humanistic significance. It is not purely construction of artistic expression, even more the witness of the production and development of social groups. Therefore, it is not only the common cultural heritage of mankind, as more equally important to protect these ancient buildings for the promotion of spiritual civilization and local economic development. In recent years, China and other developing countries, which in the pursuit of rapid economic development, are also facing the problems of development and preservation, Especially influenced by the inherent "reform and innovation" traditional concepts, many ancient villages and buildings with rich cultural connotation are in a great danger.
Xiang'an is one of the six administrative regions of Xiamen, The Tungyuan village and numerous surrounding villages which in Xiang'an retain a large number of ancient buildings of Ming and Qing Dynasties, but it has not been given due attention, many ancient buildings are facing the crisis of disappearing. Changs ancient residential is one of typical Minnan architectural which located in Tungyuan village. its main feature is as follows: Cheng is before the rear is Cuo, Facing south, Three bays with double Hucuo , Red brick and White stone wall, Architectural form of Hard mountain type roof and Double cocked dovetail ridge. In this paper, on the basis of the fieldwork, In addition to the overall building community environment and monomer building surveying and mapping, photograph, record, and through the collection, interviews and analysis of relevant historical materials, etc. Grasping the historical background of Changs ancient residential building community, exploring the formation and characteristics of the overall layout of the community, analyzing the cultural connotation of the basic shape of each individual building and architectural decorative arts, and making recommendations for saving Changs ancient residential maintenance.