NON-TRIVIAL FEATURE DERIVATION FOR INTENSIFYING FEATURE DETECTION USING LIDAR DATASETS THROUGH ALLOMETRIC AGGREGATION DATA ANALYSIS APPLYING DIFFUSED HIERARCHICAL CLUSTERING FOR DISCRIMINATING AGRICULTURAL LAND COVER IN PORTIONS OF NORTHERN MINDANAO, PHILIPPINES
Keywords: Image classification, OBIA, LiDAR, Allometric relations, Non-trivial feature derivations, Euclidean transformation
Abstract. Leaning on the derived results conducted by Central Mindanao University Phil-LiDAR 2.B.11 Image Processing Component, the paper attempts to provides the application of the Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) derived products in arriving quality Landcover classification considering the theoretical approach of data analysis principles to minimize the common problems in image classification. These are misclassification of objects and the non-distinguishable interpretation of pixelated features that results to confusion of class objects due to their closely-related spectral resemblance, unbalance saturation of RGB information is a challenged at the same time. Only low density LiDAR point cloud data is exploited in the research denotes as 2 pts/m2 of accuracy which bring forth essential derived information such as textures and matrices (number of returns, intensity textures, nDSM, etc.) in the intention of pursuing the conditions for selection characteristic. A novel approach that takes gain of the idea of object-based image analysis and the principle of allometric relation of two or more observables which are aggregated for each acquisition of datasets for establishing a proportionality function for data-partioning. In separating two or more data sets in distinct regions in a feature space of distributions, non-trivial computations for fitting distribution were employed to formulate the ideal hyperplane. Achieving the distribution computations, allometric relations were evaluated and match with the necessary rotation, scaling and transformation techniques to find applicable border conditions. Thus, a customized hybrid feature was developed and embedded in every object class feature to be used as classifier with employed hierarchical clustering strategy for cross-examining and filtering features. This features are boost using machine learning algorithms as trainable sets of information for a more competent feature detection. The product classification in this investigation was compared to a classification based on conventional object-oriented approach promoting straight-forward functionalities of the software eCognition. A compelling rise of efficiency in the overall accuracy (74.4% to 93.4%) and kappa index of agreement (70.5% to 91.7%) is noticeable based on the initial process. Nevertheless, having low-dense LiDAR dataset could be enough in generating exponential increase of performance in accuracy.