COMBINING REMOTELY SENSED ENVIRONMENTAL CHARACTERISTICS WITH SOCIAL AND BEHAVIORAL CONDITIONS THAT AFFECT SURFACE WATER USE IN SPATIOTEMPORAL MODELLING OF SCHISTOSOMIASIS IN GHANA
Keywords: Schistosomiasis Risk, Habitat Suitability Index, Domestic and Recreational Surface Water Use, Ghana
Abstract. Schistosoma haematobium transmission is influenced by environmental conditions that determine the suitability of the parasite and intermediate host snail habitats, as well as by socioeconomic conditions, access to water and sanitation infrastructure, and human behaviors. Remote sensing is a demonstrated valuable tool to characterize environmental conditions that support schistosomiasis transmission. Socioeconomic and behavioral conditions that propagate repeated domestic and recreational surface water contact are more difficult to quantify at large spatial scales. We present a mixed-methods approach that builds on the remotely sensed ecological variables by exploring water and sanitation related community characteristics as independent risk factors of schistosomiasis transmission.