3D RECONSTRUCTION OF THE ROMAN DOMUS IN THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE OF LYLIBAEUM (MARSALA, ITALY)
Keywords: Terrestrial laser scanning, 3D Reconstruction, Point cloud, Scan registration, Archaeology, 3D modelling
Abstract. Generally, terrestrial laser scanning surveys involve a rather large number of scans to ensure a high percentage of overlap required for the scan registration phase (target-based or point-based registration, cloud-to-cloud registration). These approaches result in data redundancy that could slow down both the acquisition and post-processing phases. In recent years, the technological evolution in the field of laser scanners has been directed to the development of devices that are able to perform an onsite pre-registration, to optimize the survey procedures and the reliability of the registration of the scan. The paper presents the results achieved during a terrestrial laser scanning survey carried out for the documentation and 3D reconstruction of the large and complex archaeological remains of the so-called Roman Domus in the archaeological site of Lylibaeum (Marsala, Italy). The survey was also conducted using a terrestrial laser scanner capable of pre-registering scans using a topographic approach. The pre-registration procedure and the data acquisition strategy have allowed to optimize the workflow and to obtain a 3D model of the Roman Domus with a high level of detail and area coverage.