AN IMPROVED PDR INDOOR LOCAION ALGORITHM BASED ON PROBABILISTIC CONSTRAINTS
Keywords: Multi-target Encounter, PDR, Indoor Pedestrian Positioning, Probabilistic Constraints, Indoor Network, Key Landmark
Abstract. In this paper, we proposed an indoor pedestrian positioning method which is probabilistic constrained by "multi-target encounter" when the initial position is known. The method is based on the Pedestrian Dead Reckoning (PDR) method. According to the PDR method of positioning error size and indoor road network structure, the buffer distance is determined reasonably and the buffer centering on the PDR location is generated. At the same time, key nodes are selected based on indoor network. In the premise of knowing the distance between multiple key nodes, the forward distance of pedestrians which entered from different nodes can be calculated and then we sum their distances and compared with the known distance between the key nodes, which determines whether pedestrians meet. When pedestrians meet, each two are seen as a cluster. The algorithm determines whether the range of the intersection of the buffer meet the conditions. When the condition is satisfied, the centre of the intersection area is taken as the pedestrian position. At the same time, based on the angle mutation of pedestrian which caused by the special structure of the indoor staircase, the pedestrian's location is matched to the real location of the key landmark (staircase). Then the cumulative error of the PDR method is eliminated. The method can locate more than one person at the same time, as long as you know the true location of a person, you can also know everyone’s real location in the same cluster and efficiently achieve indoor pedestrian positioning.