APPLICATION OF GROUND-BASED GPS WATER VAPOR DATA IN THE ANALYSIS OF TROPICAL CYCLONE SON-TINH HITTING HAINAN ISLAND
Keywords: Tropical cyclone “Son-Tinh”, Hainan Island, Windstorm, GPS, PWV, Meteorological parameters
Abstract. Tropical cyclone as a disaster. In addition to bringing abundant precipitation to the island, the huge wind will affect the public facilities in the island. In serious cases, it directly endangers people's lives and property. Every year, the disastrous damage caused by tropical cyclone causes direct or indirect economic losses to Hainan Island.This paper studies this problem. Based on the tropical cyclone data provided by China Typhoon Network and the information provided by GPS satellite observation data and 16 meteorological observatories in Hainan Island, this paper takes the monitoring of tropical cyclone Son-Tinh No. 9 in 2018 as an example to analyze the changes of meteorological elements and precipitation during the influence period of tropical cyclone. The results show that: The changes of atmospheric pressure, temperature and relative humidity at the stations are very obvious for the transit of tropical cyclones. When the island is affected by tropical cyclones, these parameters will change significantly. Among them, the abnormal changes of atmospheric pressure and temperature can effectively express the time and extent of the influence of tropical cyclone. It can be used as one of the important indicators to judge tropical cyclone before and after landfall. Based on these obvious changes, the influence of the parameters of tropical cyclone Son-Tinh before and after landing on Hainan Island is analyzed. It can effectively analyze the disasters caused by tropical cyclones and provide some reference information.