AIRBORNE LIDAR POINT CLOUD CLASSIFICATION BASED ON MULTILEVEL POINT CLUSTER FEATURES
Keywords: Airborne LiDAR, Hierarchical point cluster, Sparse coding, LDA, Hierarchical feature, Point clouds classifications
Abstract. Airborne Light Detection And Ranging (LiDAR) has become an important means for efficient and high-precision acquisition of 3D spatial data of large scenes. It has important application value in digital cities and location-based services. The classification and identification of point cloud is the basis of its application, and it is also a hot and difficult problem in the field of geographic information science.The difficulty of LiDAR point cloud classification in large-scale urban scenes is: On the one hand, the urban scene LiDAR point cloud contains rich and complex features, many types of features, different shapes, complex structures, and mutual occlusion, resulting in large data loss; On the other hand, the LiDAR scanner is far away from the urban features, and is like a car, a pedestrian, etc., which is in motion during the scanning process, which causes a certain degree of data noise of the point cloud and uneven density of the point cloud.
Aiming at the characteristics of LiDAR point cloud in urban scene.The main work of this paper implements a method based on the saliency dictionary and Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) model for LiDAR point cloud classification. The method uses the tag information of the training data and the tag source of each dictionary item to construct a significant dictionary learning model in sparse coding to expresses the feature of the point set more accurately.And it also uses the multi-path AdaBoost classifier to perform the features of the multi-level point set. The classification of point clouds is realized based on the supervised method. The experimental results show that the feature set extracted by the method combined with the multi-path classifier can significantly improve the cloud classification accuracy of complex city market attractions.