The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
Publications Copernicus
Articles | Volume XLII-3/W10
08 Feb 2020
 | 08 Feb 2020


J. M. Su, L. L. Liu, Q. T. Wan, Y. Z. Yang, and F. F. Li

Keywords: Digital Images Processing, Images Enhancement, Drone Image, HSI Transform, Brightness Equalization Model

Abstract. Due to the rapid development of drone technology, aerial imagery of drones is increasingly used in various fields. However, the aerial image of the drone is highly susceptible to weather conditions during the imaging process. Most aerial images are inevitably affected by fog when they are acquired. Due to the scattering and absorption of the atmosphere, the aerial image of the drone in foggy days has the characteristics of low contrast and unclear scenery. Due to the scattering and absorption of the atmosphere, the aerial image of drone acquired in the foggy environment has the characteristics of low contrast and unclear scenery. The Defogging technology for aerial image of drone can obtain a large amount of useful information in a pictures with low information amount through a certain image processing method, and convert the image with low information amount into a useful image. Therefore, the image processing research carried out for such image degradation caused by natural phenomena has universal practical significance. Aiming at the problem that the aerial image of drone is often affected by haze and the image is blurred and the image quality is degraded, this paper proposes a new model for defogging aerial image of drone. The brightness equalization model is used to improve the degraded image with fog defects. The brightness equalization model obtains the brightness channel of the original image based on the HSI transform. The brightness equalization filter is used to dynamically adjust the brightness to the appropriate interval to achieve the purpose of defogging and then further optimizes the result image by using Gaussian blur and color reshaping. Two images with fog problems were compared, using the brightness equalization model of this paper. And the quality evaluation parameters are selected to evaluate the processing results of the dehazing model. The average value of the images processed by the model is more suitable and the main quality evaluation parameters such as standard deviation and entropy are better than those of the original image.The experimental results show that the brightness equalization model can effectively remove the influence of fog in the aerial image of the drone and improve the visual effect of the image.