A ROAD EXTRACTION METHOD BASED ON HIGH RESOLUTION REMOTE SENSING IMAGE
Keywords: high-resolution remote sensing images, mean shift, Stroke Width Transform(SWT), road extraction, median filter
Abstract. Aiming at the road extraction in high-resolution remote sensing images, the stroke width transformation algorithm is greatly affected by surrounding objects, and it is impossible to directly obtain high-precision road information. A new road extraction method combining stroke width transformation and mean drift is proposed. In order to reduce road holes and discontinuities, and preserve better edge information, the algorithm first performs denoising preprocessing by means of median filtering to the pre-processed image. Then, the mean shift algorithm is used for image segmentation. The adjacent parts of the image with similar texture and spectrum are treated as the same class, and then the fine areas less than the maximum stroke width are reduced. On the basis , the road information is extracted by the stroke width transformation algorithm, and the information also contains a small amount of interference information such as spots (non-road). In order to further improve road extraction accuracy and reduce speckle and non-road area interference, the basic operations and combinations in mathematical morphology are used to optimize it. The experimental results show that the proposed algorithm can accurately extract the roads on high-resolution remote sensing images, and the better the road features, the better the extraction effect. However, the applicability of the algorithm is greatly affected by the surrounding objects.