ON THE USE OF SENTINEL-2 IMAGES AND HIGH RESOLUTION DTM FOR LANDSLIDE SUSCEPTIBILITY MAPPING IN A DEVELOPING URBAN SETTLEMENT (MAMAK, ANKARA, TURKEY)
Keywords: Developing Urban Settlements, Sentinel-2, DTM, Landslide Susceptibility Mapping, Logistic Regression
Abstract. Urban planning starts with the selection of suitable sites. The main factors and components for site selection are the geological-geotechnical parameters that directly affect the natural hazards, such as landslide and flood, construction costs and the location and distribution of existing infrastructure. The presence and accuracy of up-to-date maps in planning are very important. With the increase of high resolution Earth observation satellites, the required data can be obtained with high temporal frequency and spatial availability. From these data, the base parameters for planning can be extracted with semi- or fully-automatic methods. Among the Earth observation satellites, the Sentinel-2 mission of European Space Agency (ESA) provides high resolution optical images and the data are freely available also at different processing levels such as orthorectified images.
In this study, the possibility of the landslide susceptibility map production which should be one of the base maps in urban planning by using Sentinel-2 satellite images was investigated in Mamak District of Ankara City, Turkey. The land cover and land use data were produced from Sentinel-2 images by using a supervised classification method in SNAP Tool provided by ESA. The lithological definitions were received from the General Directorate of Mineral Research and Explorations. The topographical parameters such as slope, aspect, topographic wetness index, etc. were extracted from a high resolution digital terrain model (DTM) of the area. Manually extracted landslide inventory data were employed in the logistic regression method and the produced landslide susceptibility map of the study area is presented here.