FY-4A SATELLITE BASED CLOUD MICROPHYSICAL VARIATION ANALYSIS OF AIRBORNE CLOUD SEEDING OPERATIONS IN SICHUAN BASIN
Keywords: FY-4A, Satellite-Retrieved Microstructure, Precipitation Formation, Cloud Seeding Effect, Effective Radius
Abstract. Based on a satellite retrieval methodology, the cloud microphysical properties of two airborne cloud seeding operations in Sichuan Basin of Southwest China are analyzed in this paper. The methodology for the retrieval of the cloud particle effective radius (Re), cloud temperature (T) and microphysical structure is based on the data from the AGRI onboard the Chinese FY-4A satellite. A microphysical red–green–blue (RGB) composite visualization has been devised to qualitatively highlight the cloud composition. This RGB scheme is displayed by compositing visible 0.65 micron channel, near infrared 2.2 micron channel and infrared 11.0 micron channel. And the vertical structure and development status of the clouds are demonstrated by the T-Re profiles. The results show that after the cloud seeding operation on June 11, 2018, the cloud particle effective radius increases, and the ground observed PM10 and PM2.5 pollutants decrease as well. As for the cloud seeding operation on November, 17, 2018, the satellite inversion shows that the medium and low level clouds are rich in super-cooled water with small cloud particle effective radius. After the cloud seeding operation, the effective radius of the cloud droplets increases significantly. Both of these two cloud seeding operation in Sichuan Basin demonstrate obvious precipitation enhancement results in the seeding impact area.