To identify the boundaries and deformation distributions of the unstable areas, the results of space-borne SAR and field surveys were combined, and the spatial deformation characteristics and time evolution of the landslide were analysed. The factor inducing landslide deformation is concentrated heavy rainfall. The research results show that SAR/InSAR technology can reveal the surface deformation of a landslide body and characterize the active stage and development trend.
We considered a translational landslide exhibiting an unusual morphology, i.e., the Wobaoshi landslide. The deformation and failure mode of the plate-shaped bodies were analyzed and investigated based on numerical simulations and calculations. The monitoring data and geomechanical model proved that the accumulated water pressure in cracks causes the plate-shaped bodies to creep. Therefore, these research findings are of reference significance for the
rainfall-induced translational landslides.
Before the opening of the railway, the deformation of the Qinghai–Tibet Railway was very small and considered stable. After opening, the overall stability of the railway section was good. The main deformation areas are concentrated in the areas where railway lines turn and geological disasters are concentrated. In order to ensure the safety of railway operation, it is necessary to carry out long-term time series observation along the Qinghai–Tibet Railway.
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