EFFECT OF THE X5.4 CLASS SOLAR FLARE EVENT OF SOLAR CYCLE 24 ON THE GPS SIGNAL RECEPTION IN PENINSULAR MALAYSIA
Keywords: Solar Flare, GPS, MyRTKnet, Total Electron Content, Ionospheric Delay
Abstract. In this paper, we examine the effect of solar flare event on the Global Positioning System (GPS) signal reception in Peninsular Malaysia during the X5.4 class solar flare on 7th March 2012, 00:24 UT at active region AR1429. GPS data from six MyRTKnet stations that cover the northern, southern, western and eastern regions of Peninsular Malaysia were used, namely Langkawi (Kedah), Bandar Baharu (Pulau Pinang), Pekan (Pahang), Mersing (Johor), Tanjung Pengelih (Johor) and Malacca (Malacca). The total electron content (TEC) was estimated based on the single layer ionospheric model. Next, the ionospheric delay for each GPS frequency of L1 (1575.42 MHz), L2 (1227.60 MHz) and L5 (1176.45 MHz) was then calculated. The results show that solar flare event can influence the GPS signal reception in Peninsular Malaysia where the X5.4 class solar flare shows significant effect of the ionospheric delay within the range of 9 m – 20 m. These research findings will significantly contribute to space weather study and its effects on space-based positioning system such as the GPS.