USING GIS AND PHOTOGRAMMETRY FOR ASSESSING SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC POTENTIAL ON FLAT ROOFS IN URBAN AREA CASE OF THE CITY OF BEN GUERIR / MOROCCO
Keywords: Photovoltaic Potential, Solar radiation, GIS, Solar Analyst, DSM, photogrammetric restitution
Abstract. Renewable energy sources are at the forefront of political discussions around the world because of the scarcity of fossil fuels and climate change caused by the accumulation of greenhouse gases. By 2030, Morocco will cover 52% of these energy needs through renewable energies, in order to preserve the environment (COP 22). This paper aims to estimate the potential of photovoltaic solar energy from flat roofs in the city of Ben Guerir, Morocco using remote sensing and GIS data. To achieve this goal, vector orthophoto resulting from the photogrammetric restitution acquired in 2015 were used to generate a 3D model (DSM). The annual solar irradiation is calculated by the analyser of the solar tool. Each roof is calculated based on algorithms for the most common solar panel technologies (mono-si and poly-si). The applicability of this methodology has been demonstrated in the urban area of Benguerir, Morocco, and can be widespread in any other region of the world. The results obtained for a total roofing surface of 135 Ha, i.e. more than 345 Gwh of electricity annually generate. For an average roof of 60 m2 that could supply 5 to 6 households; A planned investment between 118,218 and 167,296 DH, and an annual maintenance charge of 2%. This study may be an initial assessment of solar potential in the city, which can be used to support the management decision regarding investment in the urban solar system.