The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
Publications Copernicus
Articles | Volume XLII-4/W18
18 Oct 2019
 | 18 Oct 2019


F. Dadras Javan, F. S. Mortazavi, F. Moradi, and A. Toosi

Keywords: Image Fusion, Pan-sharpening, Fuzzy, Discrete Wavelet Transform, Type-1 Fuzzy-DWT

Abstract. The purpose of image fusion is to combine two images from the same view in order to produce an image with more information and higher quality. In this paper, a panchromatic image with high spatial resolution and a low-resolution multi-spectral image having rich spectral information are fused together to produce a high-resolution multi-spectral image that heritage the characteristics of both initial images. For this purpose, a hybrid pan-sharpening method, called ‘Improved Fuzzy-DWT’ have been proposed based on the modification of the parameters existed in the latest version of Fuzzy-Wavelet algorithm, and then it was compared with some other algorithms such as PCA, Gram-Schmidt, Wavelet, and two of its hybrid derivatives called PCA-Wavelet and IHS-wavelet. The comparison was conducted using DIV, SSIM, SID, CC, DS, and QNR spectral and spatial quality assessment metrics. The obtained results demonstrate that the proposed hybrid algorithm has relatively better performance in comparison with the other mentioned pan-sharpening techniques in terms of both spectral and spatial qualities, regarding it was superior in terms of SID, DIV, SSIM, DS. From the computational cost standpoint, the proposed method has the most running time compared with the other methods.