DIGITAL SOIL MAPPING USING GEOMORPHOMETRIC ANALYSIS AND CASE-BASED FUZZY LOGIC APPROACH
Keywords: Digital Soil Mapping, Fuzzy Logic, Geomorphometry, Low Relief Area Uncertainty
Abstract. In low relief region such as plains, applied digital soil mapping has a controvertible issue, therefore, this study was aimed to digital mapping of soil classes at family levels by appropriate Geomorphometric variables along with fuzzy logic with area of 16,600 hectares in Qazvin Plain. Based on the geomorphologic map, the plain and pen plain are dominant landscape units. In this regards, 61 soil profiles were dogged. According to the expert’s opinion, covariates including diffuse insolation, standardized height, catchment area, valley depth and multiresolution valley bottom flatness (MrVBF) had the most important in order to generating soil map. Also, 19 fuzzy soil class maps were generated through using sample-based in ArcSIE software. Validation were carried out using achieved overall accuracy (OA) and Kappa index through error matrix. Subsequently, both ignorance and exaggerating uncertainty of hardened soil map were also done. The results showed that 19 soil families class were found. Accordingly, OA and the Kappa index were 54% and 46% respectively. The uncertainty of ignorance and exaggeration were obtained from 0 to 0.64 and 0 to 1, respectively. Moreover, the results indicated that exaggerated uncertainty was the highest in the northern and the lowest in the southern regions. Generally, applied geomorphometric parameters had the specific importance in the low relief areas for mapping of soils that have not been assessed properly so far.