ANALYSIS OF DIFFERENCES IN 3D BUILDING INFORMATION MODELING
Keywords: Building Information Modelling, Surveyors, Architects, 3D model, Virtual reality
Abstract. The implementation of Building Information Modelling (BIM) in each project, which is planned, have a design and construction stages. In the construction stage the objects are modelled by architects, engineers, and surveyors. Modelling process allowed to construct a BIM, which replaces two-dimensional (2D) building information into a three-dimensional (3D). Noticed that 3D BIM created by surveyors is not the same as 3D BIM, which is created by architects. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to identify the differences of the created 2D draftings made by 3D models between surveyors and architect’s. The surveyors make their model by using Unnamed Aerial Vehicle (UAV) system: Airborne Drone Data and Data photogrammetric processing technology. The 3D models accuracy is assessed by UAV images processing. The 3D information should be used to calculate façade geometry, volume, distances, contours, which are in the shadowed side of the house, and create 2D façade draftings. Traditionally, architects used 2D building’s façade draftings for pre-design in Construction Projects (CP). 3D architectural model is created by using structural 2D draftings created with Autodesk software. The architectural 3D model is more convenient for the general design and the visual view, it is easily to evaluate the impact of the changes that will be made. The 3D architectural model helps to finish a project at a low cost and also to evaluate the effect of the changes made. The 3D model from surveys measurements shows real view of an object (with deformations), meanwhile the 3D model from architects is a corrected image. Discrepancies between surveyors and architect’s 2D models made by 3D virtual reality (VR) are analysed in this article.