The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
Publications Copernicus
Articles | Volume XLIII-B1-2021
28 Jun 2021
 | 28 Jun 2021


J. Kuester, W. Gross, and W. Middelmann

Keywords: hyperspectral imaging, hyperspectral compression, feature extraction, dimensionality reduction, convolutional autoencoder

Abstract. Hyperspectral sensor technology has been advancing in recent years and become more practical to tackle a variety of applications. The arising issues of data transmission and storage can be addressed with the help of compression. To minimize the loss of important information, high spectral correlation between adjacent bands is exploited. In this paper, we introduce an approach to compress hyperspectral data based on a 1D-Convolutional Autoencoder. Compression is achieved through reducing correlation by transforming the spectral signature into a low-dimensional space, while simultaneously preserving the significant features. The focus lies on compression of the spectral dimension. The spatial dimension is not used in the compression in order not to falsify correlation between the spectral dimension and accuracy of the reconstruction. The proposed 1D-Convolutional Autoencoder efficiently finds and extracts features relevant for compression. Additionally, it can be exploited as a feature extractor or for dimensionality reduction. The hyperspectral data sets Greding Village and Pavia University were used for the training and the evaluation process. The reconstruction accuracy is evaluated using the Signal to Noise Ratio and the Spectral Angle. Additionally, a land cover classification using a multi-class Support Vector Machine is used as a target application. The classification performance of the original and reconstructed data are compared. The reconstruction accuracy of the 1D-Convolutional Autoencoder outperforms the Deep Autoencoder and Nonlinear Principal Component Analysis for the used metrics and for both data sets using a fixed compression ratio.