ANALYSIS OF POSITIONING DEVIATION BETWEEN BEIDOU AND GPS BASED ON NATIONAL REFERENCE STATIONS IN CHINA
Keywords: Beidou, GPS, Deviation characteristics, Reference stations, Consistency
Abstract. In order to probe into the characteristics of positioning deviation between Beidou Navigation Satellite System (Beidou) and global positioning system (GPS), and investigate possible contribution of Beidou data to refinement of global coordinate system, refined calculation is made on observation data of 240 national reference stations that are distributed uniformly across China on the whole in this study. These stations support satellite signals of four global navigation satellite systems, including Beidou, GPS, GLONASS and Galileo, and a 5-year time span from 2016 to 2020 is adopted. In this study, PPP is calculated based on GPS data and Beidou single system data in no-difference resolution network mode, and accurate coordinates of national reference stations in two processing modes are obtained. Analysis of difference between the calculations based on Beidou data and on GPS data shows that the consistency between Beidou and GPS positioning results reaches about 5 mm in the east and in the north, and about 1.3 cm in the height direction.