AUTOMATIC INTEGRATION OF LASER SCANNING AND PHOTOGRAMMETRIC POINT CLOUDS: FROM ACQUISITION TO CO-REGISTRATION
Keywords: Terrestrial Laser Scanning (TLS), Hand-held Camera Imagery, Synthetic Image, Occlusion Detection, Co-registration
Abstract. Laser scanning systems have been developed to capture very high-resolution 3D point clouds and consequently acquire the object geometry. This object measuring technique has a high capacity for being utilized in a wide variety of applications such as indoor and outdoor modelling. The Terrestrial Laser Scanning (TLS) is used as an important data capturing measurement system to provide high quality point cloud from industrial or built-up environments. However, the static nature of the TLS and complexity of the industrial sites necessitate employing a complementary data capturing system e.g. cameras to fill the gaps in the TLS point cloud caused by occlusions which is very common in complex industrial areas. Moreover, employing images provide better radiometric and edge information. This motivated a joint project to develop a system for automatic and robust co-registration of TLS data and images directly, especially for complex objects. In this paper, the proposed methods for various components of this project including gap detection from point cloud, calculation of initial image capturing configuration, user interface and support system for the image capturing procedures, and co-registration between TLS point cloud and photogrammetric point cloud are presented. The primarily results on a complex industrial environment are promising.