ACCURACY ANALYSIS OF REAL-TIME OBJECT POSITIONING WITHOUT GCP FOR IMAGES FROM UAV OBLIQUE ULTRA-LONG FOCAL SMALL VIEW FIELD WHISKBROOM CAMERA SYSTEM
Keywords: UAV, Oblique Ultra-long Focal Small View Field Whiskbroom, Strict Imaging Model, Object Positioning, Accuracy Analysis
Abstract. Using images from UAV oblique ultra-long focal small view field whiskbroom camera (ULF-SVF-WC) system for object positioning and mapping is more difficult than conventional aerial photogrammetry, for the particularity of oblique ULF-SVF-WC imaging mode. Therefore, the precision and accuracy of its object positioning are also quite different from that of the conventional UAV photography. In this paper, we analysed the accuracy of real-time object positioning without ground control points (GCPs) for images from UAV oblique ULF-SVF-WC System. Firstly, we studied the imaging principles and characteristics of the oblique ULF-SVF-WC system. Then, we established the coordinate transformation relationship from the object point to the image point and constructed a strict imaging model for oblique ULF-SVF-WC image, which was used for real-time single-ray back-projection positioning assisted by DEM. Thirdly, we quantitatively analysed the distribution and variation of the oblique ULF-SVF-WC image single-ray back-projection errors in theory based on error propagation law and simulation data. Finally, we conducted the experiment of real oblique ULF-SVF-WC flight images for the actual positioning accuracy analysis. The experiment results showed that: the influence of system error on positioning generally conforms to the distribution and variation of theoretical precision, that is, the accuracy of scanning direction is much lower than that of the flight direction; while the accuracy of actual single-ray back-projection positioning is evidently lower than that of the theoretical analysis and there are obvious system errors in the positioning residuals. It indicates that the 6 external orientation elements calculated from POS data contains obvious system error whose influence is greater than random error and this should be eliminated in real-time single-ray back-projection for object positioning.