The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
Publications Copernicus
Articles | Volume XLIII-B2-2020
12 Aug 2020
 | 12 Aug 2020


T. Yotsumata, M. Sakamoto, and T. Satoh

Keywords: Airborne LiDAR, Filtering, Deep Learning, Point Cloud, Voxelization, CNN

Abstract. In this paper, we discuss how to improve the quality of classification results when deep learning is applied for the filtering of airborne LiDAR point cloud. We introduce the baseline method which utilizes convolutional neural network (CNN) based on voxelization, and then we propose three methods to improve the quality of classification result. The first method is data pre-processing that aims to exclude data in advance that is clearly not on the ground surface in order to efficiently extract the ground surface data. Data pre-processing can greatly reduce the number of target points and the subsequent processing can be performed efficiently. It also has the effect of preventing noise-like points floating in the air from being misclassified as the ground surface, as compared to the case without pre-processing. The second method is changing the network structure. In recent years, various networks have been proposed for classifying point clouds. In our study, the baseline is using very simple networks. In order to improve the classification result of the baseline method, the layer depth and the range size of convolution are changed, and we investigated about the improvements of the results. The current discussion can be used as a guidance when considering new networks. The third method is the integration of classification results from multiple networks. We integrated individual results from multiple networks with varying layer depths and convolution sizes, starting with the baseline, and investigated whether the results improved. We observed that even if the individual results were similar, the classification results can be improved by integrating the results.