LARGE SCALE 3D POINT CLOUD MODELING FROM CAD DATABASE IN COMPLEX INDUSTRIAL ENVIRONMENTS
Keywords: Point Cloud, Modeling, Segmentation, CAD, PCA, 3D Features, 3D Keypoints, Registration
Abstract. In this paper, we present a method to build Computer Aided Design (CAD) representations of dense 3D point cloud scenes by queries in a large CAD model database. This method is applied to real world industrial scenes for infrastructure modeling. The proposed method firstly relies on a region growing algorithm based on novel edge detection method. This algorithm is able to produce geometrically coherent regions which can be agglomerated in order to extract the objects of interest of an industrial environment. Each segment is then processed to compute relevant keypoints and multi-scale features in order to be compared to all CAD models from the database. The best fitting model is estimated together with the rigid six degree of freedom (6 DOF) transformation for positioning the CAD model on the 3D scene. The proposed novel keypoints extractor achieves robust and repeatable results that captures both thin geometrical details and global shape of objects. Our new multi-scale descriptor stacks geometrical information around each keypoint at short and long range, allowing non-ambiguous matching for object recognition and positioning. We illustrate the efficiency of our method in a real-world application on 3D segmentation and modeling of electrical substations.