The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
Publications Copernicus
Articles | Volume XLIII-B2-2020
12 Aug 2020
 | 12 Aug 2020


C. Zhang, Y. Ge, Q. Zhang, and B. Guo

Keywords: Tilted image matching, Least squares, Homograph matrix, Adaptive initial object-patch, Three-dimensional reconstruction

Abstract. When adopting the matching method of the least squares image based on object-patch to match tilted images, problems like the low degree of connection points for images with the discontinuity of depth or the discrepancy in elevation or low availability of aerotriangulation points would frequently appear. To address such problems, a tilted-image-matching algorithm based on an adaptive initial object-patch is proposed by this paper. By means of the existing initial values of the interior and exterior orientation elements of the tilted image and the information of object points generated in the matching process, the algorithm takes advantage of the method of multi-patch forward intersection and object variance partition so as to adaptively calculate the elevation of the object-patch and the initial value of the normal vector direction angle. Furthermore, this algorithm aims to solve the problem of difficulties in matching the tilted image with its corresponding points brought about by the low accuracy of the initial value of the tilted image when adopting the matching method of the least squares image based on object-patch to match the tilted image with high discrepancy in elevation. We adopt the algorithm as proposed in this paper and the least squares image matching method in which the initial state of the object-patch is horizontal to the object-patch respectively to conduct the verification process of comparing and matching two groups of tilted images. Finally, the effectiveness of the algorithm as proposed in this paper is verified by the testing results.