ARCHIVE AND WARTIME AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHS AND PROCEDURES OF THEIR TREATMENT
Keywords: Archive aerial photos, Aerial wartime images, Fiducial mark, Internal orientation, Bundle adjustment, Bombing, Drainage
Abstract. The article presents with the use of archive aerial photographs. The first task was to search and identify drainage detail from archive aerial photographs. The second task is to create procedures for processing aerial reconnaissance images (from WWII) to identify sites with potential pyrotechnic load. Both of these tasks are connecting by the effort to determine the internal orientation parameters of the cameras for using and easier calculation of exterior parameters by image correlation. Complete automation process searching of fiducial mark (FM) identification was implemented. The coordinates of all FM are calculated automatically from archive aerial photographs. In addition, the edges of the photographs are automatically found and a program was created to minimize of the cropping of the archive aerial photographs. The next part of the paper describes the procedures of averaging the values of the relative position of FM and transforming archive aerial photographs to a uniform dimension from a set of images taken with the same camera. The second part of the paper describes the process of creating a historical ortophoto with the standard calculation of bundle adjustment performed by an external process in the background of the OrthoEngine module using the Celery library installed as a python service. Finding of external image orientation parameters through bundle adjustment calculation are parameters, in the first, defined in the local system and then transformed into the national geodetic system of the Czech Republic. This entire section is available and free to use for on the internet. The third part of the article describes the practical procedure of the interpretation of archive and wartime photographs with aim of identification of the drainage detail and the procedures leading to the interpretation, identification, location and calculation of the position of unexploded air ammunition.