REGISTRATION OPTIMIZATION OF MOBILE HANDHELD SCANNER POINT CLOUDS WITH STATIC SCANS
Keywords: mobile mapping system, terrestrial laser scanner, point clouds, registration, accuracy, indoor survey, data fusion
Abstract. In recent years, 3D acquisition methods involving different types of scanners have undergone a phenomenal technological growth. Nowadays, mobile acquisition devices are popular because of their ease of use and their fairly competitive cost. Static scanners provide higher accuracy and more detail, but the acquisition time required with these systems is higher than with mobile systems. Mobile scanners are known for their high acquisition speed but lower point density and accuracy. Until now, the choice of the type of system to use was dependent on the geometry of the study area and the required accuracy. This research aims to find a way to optimize the survey by finding a compromise between the two types of devices, in order to take advantage of both systems for the same acquisition campaign. The first objective is to study the minimum number of static positions required for respecting the required accuracy. A solution is also proposed for compensating the drift of the mobile device. Secondly, the pertinence to use static stations for the principal loop and mobile system for adjoining rooms is investigated. The datasets chosen allow, on the one side, to quantify the limits of the mobile system for the acquisition of indoor buildings and, on the other side, to give recommendations regarding the configuration of static stations as a reference for mobile point clouds. Based on these experiments, a methodology is proposed for indoor environments to combine the use of the two acquisition systems and thus to save time in the field while still providing a good registration quality.