The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
Publications Copernicus
Articles | Volume XLIII-B2-2021
28 Jun 2021
 | 28 Jun 2021


U. Bacher

Keywords: Hybrid Sensor, Leica CityMapper, 3D Content, LiDAR, Aerial Photogrammetry, 3D Mesh

Abstract. In aerial data acquisition a new era started with the introduction of the first real hybrid sensor systems, like the Leica CityMapper-2. Hybrid in this context means the combination of an (oblique) camera system with a topographic LiDAR into an integrated aerial mapping system. By combining these complimentary sub-systems into one system the weaknesses of the one system could be compensated by using the alternative data source. An example is the mapping of low-light urban canyons, where image-based systems mostly produce unreliable results. For an LiDAR sensor the geometrical reconstruction of these areas is straight forward and leads to accurate results. The paper gives a detailed overview over the development and technical characteristics of hybrid sensor systems. The process of data acquisition is discussed and strategies for hybrid urban mapping are proposed. A hybrid sensor alone is just a part of the whole procedure to generate 3D content. As important as the senor itself is the workflow to generate the products. Here again a hybrid approach, with the processing of all datasets in one environment, is discussed. Special attention is paid to the hybrid orientation of the data and the integrated generation of base and enhanced products. The paper is rounded off by the discussion of the advantage of LiDAR data for the 3D Mesh generation for urban modelling.