A CNN ARCHITECTURE FOR DISCONTINUITY DETERMINATION OF ROCK MASSES WITH CLOSE RANGE IMAGES
Keywords: Rock Mass Evaluation, Discontinuity Determination, Convolutional Neural Networks, Close-Range Photogrammetry, Structure from Motion
Abstract. Determination of discontinuities in rock mass requires scan-line surveys performed in in-situ that can reach up to dangerous and challenging dimensions. With the development of novel technological equipments and algorithms, the studies related to rock mass discontinuity determination remain up-to-date. Depending on the development of the Structure from Motion (SfM) method in the field of close-range photogrammetry, low-cost cameras can be used to produce 3D models of rock masses. However, the determination of rock mass discontinuity parameters must still be carried out manually on these models. Within the scope of this study, a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) architecture is proposed to identify the discontinuities automatically as the first step for fully automated processing. The Kızılcahamam/Güvem Basalt Columns Geosite near Ankara, Turkey was determined as the study area. The orthophoto of this study area was produced using close-range photogrammetric methods and the training data was produced by manual mensuration. The dataset consists of labeled binary masks and images containing corresponding Red-Green-Blue (RGB) bands. Furthermore, the amount of data was increased by applying augmentation methods to the dataset. The U-Net architecture was used to detect rock discontinuities based on the produced orthophoto. The preliminary results presented here reveal that the discontinuity determination capability of the proposed method is high based on the visual assessments, while problems exist with image quality and discontinuity identification. In addition, considering the small size of the training dataset, the accuracy of the model would increase when a larger dataset could be employed.