The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
Publications Copernicus
Articles | Volume XLIII-B2-2022
30 May 2022
 | 30 May 2022


B. Öztürk and M. Özkar

Keywords: Architectural Heritage, Real-World Data Analysis, Photogrammetry

Abstract. The task of preparing the training data for machine learning is tedious but crucial for accurate results. Aiming at labelling meaningful features semi-automatically rather than manually in order to reduce time, we hereby present initial results for two cases of 13th century Seljuk brick-ornamentation. As our broader research involves machine learning methods for the segmentation of digital survey data for creating meaningful three-dimensional models, the primary goal here is to determine the parts of the patterns from the whole composition and to use this data for different buildings of the genre. Prior to any machine learning, labelling the data of either a whole pattern or pieces of a pattern is a time-consuming task prone to errors. We propose a semi-automated mask generating model for labelling. In order to create the black and white mask images of the original photographs, we utilise the colour difference between the pattern parts. Examined samples have at least three visually distinguishable colours that are turquoise, black and natural. We use photogrammetry-based survey data and image processing to create attributed point clouds and eventually 3D digital models. Using the ready batch processing of a commercial software, we create a distinct mask and apply it to all images of the photogrammetry process. Point cloud data is then created with RAW images, and the generated masks are used to filter desired patterns. As such, we are able to easily label the bricks in the point cloud towards a machine learning training set.