PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF SELECTED FEATURE DESCRIPTORS USED FOR AUTOMATIC IMAGE REGISTRATION
Keywords: Feature Descriptors, Image Registration, Conjugate Points, Corresponding features, Scale Invariance
Abstract. Automatic detection and extraction of corresponding features is very crucial in the development of an automatic image registration algorithm. Different feature descriptors have been developed and implemented in image registration and other disciplines. These descriptors affect the speed of feature extraction and the measure of extracted conjugate features, which affects the processing speed and overall accuracy of the registration scheme. This article is aimed at reviewing the performance of most-widely implemented feature descriptors in an automatic image registration scheme. Ten (10) descriptors were selected and analysed under seven (7) conditions viz: Invariance to rotation, scale and zoom, their robustness, repeatability, localization and efficiency using UAV acquired images. The analysis shows that though four (4) descriptors performed better than the other Six (6), no single feature descriptor can be affirmed to be the best, as different descriptors perform differently under different conditions. The Modified Harris and Stephen Corner Detector (MHCD) proved to be invariant to scale and zoom while it is excellent in robustness, repeatability, localization and efficiency, but it is variant to rotation. Also, the Scale Invariant feature Transform (SIFT), Speeded Up Robust Features (SURF) and the Maximally Stable Extremal Region (MSER) algorithms proved to be invariant to scale, zoom and rotation, and very good in terms of repeatability, localization and efficiency, though MSER proved to be not as robust as SIFT and SURF. The implication of the findings of this research is that the choice of feature descriptors must be informed by the imaging conditions of the image registration analysts.