INDIVIDUAL BANANA TREE CROWN DELINEATION USING UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV) IMAGES
Keywords: Tree Crown Delineation, Convolution Neural Network, Support Vector Machine, Object Based Image Analysis
Abstract. Individual Tree Crown (ITC) delineation from aerial imageries plays an important role in forestry management and precision farming. Several conventional as well as machine learning and deep learning algorithms have been recently used in ITC detection purpose. In this paper, we present Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) and Support Vector Machine (SVM) as the deep learning and machine learning algorithms along with conventional methods of classification such as Object Based Image Analysis (OBIA) and Nearest Neighborhood (NN) classification for banana tree delineation. The comparison was done based by considering two cases; Firstly, every single classifier was compared by feeding the image with height information to see the effect of height in banana tree delineation. Secondly, individual classifiers were compared quantitatively and qualitatively based on five metrices i.e., Overall Accuracy, Recall, Precision, F-Score, and Intersection Over Union (IoU) and best classifier was determined. The result shows that there are no significant differences in the metrices when height information was fed as there were banana tree of almost similar height in the farm. The result as discussed in quantitative and qualitative analysis showed that the CNN algorithm out performed SVM, OBIA and NN techniques for crown delineation in term of performance measures.