The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
Publications Copernicus
Articles | Volume XLIV-2/W1-2021
15 Apr 2021
 | 15 Apr 2021


K. K. Shcherbina, E. V. Fogt, M. A. Golovin, M. V. Chernikova, and A. D. Kuzicheva

Keywords: Rehabilitation, Clothes, 3D-scan, Algorithm, Size, Disabled, Distance technology, Automatization

Abstract. Distance clothing technology is an actively developing area. For its implementation in the highly specialized area of manufacturing technical means of rehabilitation, and, in particular, in the manufacture of special functional and aesthetic clothing for disabled people, it is necessary to solve organizational and technical issues. An example of a technical issue is remote acquisition of dimensional features. The dimensional characteristics of the human body are an integral part of the technological process of manufacturing individual clothing. The use of 3D scanning makes it possible to implement remote technology for individual design and manufacture of clothing. The production of clothing for wheelchair users involves the adaptation of standard clothing design techniques to the specific properties of the posture. A case of a patient with a C5-C6 cervical vertebra fracture who has been using a wheelchair for more than 25 years is considered. The study used 3D human models obtained with a 3D scanner. The technique of scanning and an example of processing the obtained data are presented. The main features of dimensional features have been determined and an algorithm for their determination by anatomical landmarks has been developed. Recommendations are given for processing 3D scans and combining them into one 3D model. It is shown that the use of 3D scanning for the remote production of a set of functional and aesthetic clothing for a wheelchair user is a way to produce comfortable individual clothing.