The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
Publications Copernicus
Articles | Volume XLVI-2/W1-2022
25 Feb 2022
 | 25 Feb 2022


L. Barazzetti, M. Previtali, and F. Roncoroni

Keywords: 360°, 5k, Accuracy, Automation, Low-cost sensor, Orientation, Video

Abstract. Video acquisition with 360° (spherical) cameras is becoming increasingly popular for the opportunity to capture the entire scene around the user in a relatively short time. The method can also be attractive for photogrammetric applications. As the overlap between consecutive frames is undoubtedly guaranteed, 3D models can be generated with an automated processing workflow. The paper illustrates the results achieved with 5k 360° videos captured with different Insta360 cameras. As the number of frames can become large, two complementary solutions are proposed to provide approximate initial exterior orientation parameters: the integration of the trajectory captured through GNSS, and the creation of an acquisition plan with a GIS-based application. The availability of approximated EO parameters provides a visibility map between the frames and reduces the computational cost during image matching. Experimental results demonstrate that such preliminary information is necessary for large datasets. Indeed, the photogrammetric processing of the entire dataset without the proposed preliminary EO parameters resulted in unreliable or incomplete orientation results.