EVALUATION OF EFFECTIVENESS OF PATCH BASED IMAGE CLASSIFICATION TECHNIQUE USING HIGH RESOLUTION WORLDVIEW-2 IMAGE
Keywords: Remote Sensing, LULC, Pixel-Based, Patch-Based, XGBoost, CatBoost
Abstract. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the performance of patch-based classification technique in land use/land cover classification and to investigate the effect of patch size in thematic map accuracy. To reach desired goal, recently proposed ensemble learning classifiers (i.e., XGBoost and CatBoost) were utilized to classify produced image patches obtained from high-resolution WorldView-2 (WV-2) satellite image. . In order to analyse the effect of varying patch size on classification accuracy, three different window sizes (i.e., 3 × 3, 7 × 7 and 11 × 11) were applied to WV-2 imagery for extracting image patches. Constructed image patches were classified using XGBoost and CatBoost ensemble learning classifiers and thematic maps were constructed for varying patch sizes. Results showed that while XGBoost and CatBoost showed similar classification performances for varying patch size and the estimated highest overall accuracy were %68, %82 and %92 for 11x11, 7 × 7 and 11 × 11 patch sizes, respectively. These findings confirmed that defining class boundaries on the high-resolution image using smaller patches increases the accuracy of thematic maps. In addition, results of patch-based classification were compared the results of LULC maps produced by same classifiers using pixel-based classification method. Overall accuracy of pixel-by-pixel classification of WV-2 image reached to about %94. Furthermore, CatBoost showed superior classification performance in all time compared to XGBoost. All in all, pixel-based CatBoost was found to be more successful in LULC mapping of fine resolution image.